Pine snakes are non-venomous but their bite is very painful.
The pine snake habitats comprise pine and pine woods, fields, scrublands, and hill and tropical pine barrens and mountain ridges at altitudes of up to 9000 ft (2700 m).
Other separate populations inhabit Tennessee, Virginia and northern Georgia, and there’s also an isolated population in the Pine Barrens of southern New Jersey.
The aquatic lands are an important habitat for pine snakes as these snakes are excellent burrowers, digging equally summertime dens or hibernacula. This sort of snakes utilizes animal burrows.
They spend the majority of their time underground, so they can be found at the surface in the spring through the fall, especially from May to October. The snake climbs the trees on and is an excellent climber.
The pine snake is still really a rather large and pretty heavy-bodied snake, averaging 48 to 66 inches (122-168 cm) in length but has the potential to reach 8,3 ft (254 cm). They weigh between 4 to 2 pounds (1,8 to 3,6 Kg).
The pine snake base color may be white, yellow, or light gray, covered on both sides and rear by darker blotches of black, white, brown or red. These blotches are usually be lighter and a color near the mind. Their stomach is white with spots on the sides.
The species and its subspecies are also referred to by a number of other common names such as North American pine snake, frequent pine snake, black and white snake, carpet snake, chicken snake, eastern pine snake, northern pine snake, horned snake, New Jersey pine snake, whale snake, whitened gopher snake.
The pine snake belongs to the genus Pituophis, which also has a bull snake and the gopher snake, then all these species are among the greatest North American colubrids. They will often hiss loudly when disturbed or when feeling compromised it flattens the head, vibrating its tail, and eventually it strikes.
What do Pine snake eat?
Like all snakes the pine snake is a carnivore, meaning they are meat-eaters. They kill need to hunt and consume a variety of prey including small mammals, pocket gophers, mice, rats, moles, birds and bird’s eggs, lizards, and amphibians. The snakes prey upon younger mammals, lizards and even insects.
Pine snakes will often enter animal burrows in search of the next meal. Utilizing an unconventional method by pressing on the animal contrary to the burrow walls with its strong body, to kill its prey. Sometimes they score multiple kills utilizing this tactic.
The pine snake breeding season occurs during the spring. The pine snake is oviparous, females will place 3 to 24 eggs in June to August, in burrows under stones.
The species is well also known to build communal nests, where many females lay eggs in the identical burrow. The eggs are one of the greatest of any spider in the USA at 2⅝ in long by 13/4 wide (66 mm by 45 mm). They hatch after a 64. Females will come back to lay their eggs year.
The hatchlings measure 13 to 18 inches (33–46 cm) in length and also will need to fend off for themselves right from birth. The pine snakes reach sexual maturity at the age of 2-3 years.
Because of the pine snake wide distribution and presumed substantial population, the species was classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.The inhabitants numbers of the pine snake are probably still big however the populace is trending down.
The pine snake does not have any national protection in the US, but a few states have the species listed as endangered and also have passed laws protecting them. For example, Back in Georgia pine snake believed rare to uncommon and is listed as endangered, and therefore are protected across the state.
Pine snake population was decreasing quickly especially in the northeastern part of its range. They are believed to have been extirpated from Maryland and West Virginia and is highly at risk of being extirpated from New Jersey.
The significant threats to their survival are similar to many other snake species habitat destruction or degradation but also the illegal collection for the pet trade and also forest fires.
There are 3 subspecies currently known for the pine snake.
Black pine snake (P. m. lodingi) – Located from southwestern Alabama into eastern Louisiana. Blanchard described it at 1924. This subspecies subspecific name, lodingi, was given in honour of Danish herpetologist Peder Henry Löding who dwelt in Alabama.
Northern pine snake (P. m. melanoleucus) – Located from southern areas of North Carolina and New Jersey, west South Carolina into northern Georgia, also in southeastern Kentucky, eastern Tennessee and south to Alabama. Described in 1803.
Florida pine snake (P. m. mugitus) – Found in Southern parts of South Carolina to Georgia and southern Florida. The subspecies were described by Barbour in 1921.
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