Cotswold sheep wool

Cotswold sheep raised for meat and wool. Originated in the Cotswold hills of the southern midlands of England. The breed is kept for crossing onto fine wool ewes to produce large lambs that could be used for meat or kept for their heavy fleeces.

Cotswold sheep breed information

Cotswold sheep are large built, tall and have very thick fleece.

The Cotswold has a white face and white legs, which are wool-free.

The mature Cotswold ram weighs around 135 kg (300 lb) and ewes around  90 kg (200 lb).

The breed can be distinguished from Lincoln by the developed heavy forelock falling over the face.

Lambing percentage is around 150 to 175%.

Lambing is easy, though lambs are large.

Ewes are excellent mothers, and even they have enough milk to feed the lambs.

Both ram and ewe are polled(no horns).

Cotswold sheep are very docile and are excellent mothers.

The Cotswold fleece is silky and hangs in locks, with a staple length of 7 to 13 inches.

Each sheep produces around 5 to 6 kg of wool with fiber diameter from 33 to 42 microns.

Things to know

According to Rare Breeds Survival Trust of UK, the Cotswold sheep are categorized as “minority”.

The name “Cotswold” is derived from two names “cots” known as shelters where sheep were kept and “wolds” are treeless hills of the area.

Lincoln and the Cotswold look similar externally.

History of Cotswold

Sheep have been known in this region since the time of the Roman conquest 2,000 years ago, and the Cotswold breed may descend in part from the white sheep brought to England by the Romans.

During the middle ages, the Cotswold hills of England became known for the wool trade.

During the 18th and 19th century the Cotswold breed was improved by crossing with Leicester and Lincoln breeds.

After the first world war, the Cotswold population declined and even the wool market was slow down.

Brief characteristics of Cotswold sheep

Breed NameCotswold sheep
Other Name
Country/Place of OriginEngland
Breed PurposeMeat and wool
Breed Sizemedium
135 kg (300 lb)
Ewe(Female)90 kg (200 lb)
Good for Stall Fedopen grazing 
Climate Tolerancelocal conditions

Leave a Comment