Now the eastern indigo snake was extirpated by Mississippi and Alabama, and has been located only in peninsular Florida and southeast Georgia, stays in the Florida panhandle, but at much lower numbers than in the past.
These snakes are busy only daily, in the summer they stay preferably near wetland borders, moving long distances to dryer habitats into their winter dens in sandhill habitats. They are known for nesting and refuge against heat during the warm summer months either for their use of gopher tortoise burrows or even as a winter room.
They inhabit a variety of ecosystems such as dry glades, xeric sand ridges, stream bottoms, flatwoods, hammocks, cane areas, riparian thickets, and higher floor with drained sandy soils.
Eastern indigo snakes have been big smooth-scaled and shiny bluish-black colored snakes, for example, their stomach. They are the longest non-venomous snake native to the United States, ranging in size from 60 to 84 inches (152-213 cm), together with the highest recorded specimen measuring 9.2 feet (2.8 m), closely followed by the black rat snake(Pantherophis obsoletus).
Substantial specimens over 8.5 ft (2.6 m), can weigh up to 11 lb (5 kg) although even though indigo snakes are big some exceptionally massive specimens of this co-occurring and highly venomous eastern diamondback rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus) can outweigh them.
When cornered or threatened the eastern indigo snake flattens the headand vibrates the tail, producing a rattling sound seeking to mimic venomous rattlesnakes. But even so, these snakes seldom sting.
The eastern indigo snake is more sexually dimorphic, however in this case, males grow larger than females with average dimensions of 5 feet for men and 4.5 feet for mature females.
The sides of the head, throat, and chin are usually red or orange-brown in colour, and while juveniles are extremely much like adults their minds are a lot redder.
The species generic title, Drymarchon is composed of the Greek words”drymos”, meaning”forest”, and archon meaning”lord” and contrasts to”god of the woods”.
The species-specific title derives from the Latinization of the American planter James Hamilton Couper (1794-1866) surname.
The eastern indigo has other common names including the most usual blue indigo snake but also blue gopher snake, black snake, blue bull snake or even simply indigo snake.
The species was described by John Edwards Holbrook in 1842 and before the early ’90s, the eastern indigo snake had been thought monotypic with 12 known subspecies.
The eastern indigo snake just like all snakes is both carnivorous and will kill and consume some other small animal it could overpower, swallowing it head-first. They feed chiefly on small mammals, tortoises that are little, turtles, toads, frogs, dinosaurs and birds, lizards and snakes like other venomous snakes.
Occasionally when feeding they are bitten by venomous snakes, such as the eastern diamondback rattlesnake, however they are largely resistant to rattlesnake venom.
These are not your normal constrictor snakesthey overpower their prey with their muscular jaws, and are known to kill prey from violently beating it against the floor or nearby objects. Younger snakes have a diet to that of the mature specimens, they feed on prey.
The eastern indigo snake breeding season occurs from October to February, in the peak of winter however they remain active at temperatures 50 to 60 F, so too trendy for other snakes. The eastern indigo is a oviparous snake, meaning eggs are laid by that its females.
The eastern indigo females may then lay one clutch of 4 to 12 eggs, generally through the months of May or even June. Though there’s a little information regarding nest websites, gopher tortoise burrows are likely a nesting location that is favored.
The hatchlings are big and measure about 16 in. (40 cm) and weigh about 1.5 ounce. (40 gram ).
The eastern indigo snake is listed as”Least Concern” species by the IUCN, due to the rather large variety and presumed large population size.
The principal threat to this eastern indigo snake is habitat loss, fragmentation, and alteration, but their population numbers will also be affected by wanton killings, street deaths and overcollection for your pet trade.
The custom of gassing gopher tortoise burrows to push out poisonous rattlesnakes, the majority of the times killed or harmed not only gopher tortoises but other creatures occupying it, including eastern indigo snakes.
They are listed as a threatened species in Florida and Georgia and believed possibly extirpated in Alabama from the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
As a result of their docile nature and stunning appearance, people search them as pets, although the species protected standing means that owning one may take a license depending upon location.
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