Famous English Scottish Cheviot sheep facts

Cheviot sheep are a dual-purpose breed raised for meat and wool. The breed is from the Cheviot Hills of the English Scottish border region. They had to be able to survive in all weathers, be able to forage for feed, and thus evolved a breed that is very active and has high fertility.

Cheviot sheep breed information

Cheviots are medium built, Wool free white dace and prick ears.

Both males and females are polled.

The mature ram of Cheviot weighs around 50 kg (110 lb) and ewes around 50 kg (110 lb).

The breed is very active and has high fertility.

The fleece is classified as Downs fleece which is three-dimensional crimp. 

Wool is free from roughness and kemp.

The length of fiber is 4 to 6 inches.

Ram gives around 3.5 kg of wool and ewes around 2.5 kg.

The fleece is used for carper making.

Ewes are excellent mothers with high fertility and are good milkers.

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Things to know

James Robson in the 18th century infused Lincolns and Ryelands to Cheviot, which resulted in bigger sheep and heavier fleece.

James Sinclair took them to Scotland, which became very famous.

The Cheviots are used to cross for prime lamb mothers and as terminal prime lamb sires, in Australia.

Their black noses act as a protection against skin cancer and black feet which are hard and will withstand wet conditions better and are reputed to resist footrot.

Cheviots are self-replacing ‘killer’ flock which can be maintained with the minimum of attention.

In 1838 the Cheviot sheep breed was introduced into the United States.

Many other Hceviot variations are present like:

Brief characteristics of Cheviot sheep

Breed NameCheviot sheep
Other Name 
Country/Place of OriginEnglish Scottish border
Breed Purpose Meat and wool
Breed Sizemedium
80 kg (176 lb)
Ewe(Female)50 kg (110 lb)
Good for Stall Fedopen grazing and confinement
Climate Tolerancelocal conditions

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