How to raise Gramapriya chicken?

Gramapriya is more preferred for its moderate body weight and high egg yielding capacity. Gramapriya is a breed of chicken developed by the Project Directorate on Poultry based in Hyderabad(India). The male(rooster) Gramapriya is mainly used for the preparation of the Tandoori type of chicken dish. The hen produces a good number of eggs, under semi-intensive farm conditions in rural areas.

The feather color of Gramapriya chicken is mostly brown with occasional multicolor. Better immune competence gives the strength for the maximum survivability of the chicken in the rural backyard farming condition. The Grampriya chicken can escape easily from predators due to their moderate body weight.

Gramapriya Chicken Characteristics

  1. Feather color is brown.
  2. Better egg production and egg weight
  3. The average Egg weight is 55g.
  4. Egg production per year is 180 to 220
  5. Better adaptability to backyard/free-range rearing
  6. Produces brown eggs
  7. Better survivability and suitable for all Indian weather conditions.
  8. Six weeks of body weight is 550g.
  9. Gramapriya chicken body weight in six months is around 1.3 kg to 1.5 kg.
  10. The mortality of Gramapriya chicken is under 10% at various stages of life.
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Gramapriya Chicken Housing

Housing is required for night shelter and protection from rain, this can be done by the use of low-cost material. It can be done using wire mesh, bamboos, and tarpaulin sheet. With the help of bamboo and wite mesh outside covering can be done and roofing can be done with a tarpaulin sheet. Coconut leaves can substitute tarpaulin/old asbestos sheet for roofing to reduce the cost of housing wherever available in plenty from own source. About 1.5-2.0 square feet of floor space is required per bird.

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The shelter should be 1.5 – 2.0 ft above the ground level for keeping the floor dry in the rainy season. There should be an overhang of roofing material of about 3.5 – 4 feet from the edge of the roof to prevent the splashing of rainwater inside the shelter.

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The drinker should be kept in front and the nest should be kept in the back corner. Locally available litter materials like rice husk, coir dust, groundnut hulls, sugarcane waste, and dry leaves can be used as bedding material. Weekly turning is essential for maintaining dryness of litter. To avoid dampness of litter in rainy season mix hydrated line or superphosphate @1.0kg/10 square feet floor space.

Gramapriya Chicken Manure

One poultry unit consisting of 10 adult birds produces about 250 to 300 kg of poultry manure per year. Poultry manure has nutrient values about 3 times more than cattle manure. i.e 3 percent nitrogen, 2 percent phosphorous and 2 percent potash. The well built-up litter supplies animal protein factor(Vitamin B12) and Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) which are beneficial for the health of birds.

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Gramapriya Chicken Feeding

Gramapriya chicks need a balanced feed during the initial 6 weeks of age under nursery rearing. As their nutrient requirements are low, alternate feed ingredients both for energy and protein can be incorporated in the diets without affecting their performance.

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In nurseries, chicks are reared on standard chick ration.

For the grower birds in the second phase, besides the feed material available from free-range, kitchen wastes and other kinds of grain or bran can also be provided as supplementary feed. Gramapriya chicken can pick up its food easily in the backyard once it learns to scavenge. The need for additional supplementation depends on the free area available, the intensity of vegetation, availability of waste grains, insects and grass seeds, etc. Rooster Gramapriya chicken can attain 1.2 kg at 12 weeks of age on broiler starter feed. Gramapriya pullets should be provided with supplemental calcium (limestone powder, stone grit, marble chips or shell grit) mixed with feed or grain during laying phase at 4 to 5 g/bird/day.

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This plan of feeding schedule has yielded success.  The eggs laid are tinted and have fairly good size. Balance ration for GRamapriya laying hens can be prepared as :

  • Energy source 65 to 70 percent
  • Vegetable protein source 20 to 25 percent
  • Animal protein source 3 to 5 percent
  • Limestone 5 to 7 percent
  • DCP 1to 2 percent
  • Common salt 0.5 percent
  • Mineral mixture 0.5 percent
  • Vitamin mixture 0.1 percent

Energy sources include maize, bajra, ragi and wheat

Vegetable Protein sources are soybean meal, groundnut cake, Sunflower oil cake

Animal protein sources are fish meal, meat, silkworm pupae meal

Calcium and Phosphorus are shell grit, limestone, Dicalcium phosphate.

Gramapriya Chicken Management and Health Cover

Gramapriya chicks can be let free for scavenging in the backyard after 6 weeks. The Rooster Gramapriya can be reared separately and marketed for meat purposes. The chickens need to be habituated to return to the nest in the evening for night shelter.

Night shelter should have good ventilation and should give protection from predators. Availability of plenty of clean and freshwater should be made throughout life and chickens must be vaccinated against Marek’s and Ranikhet diseases.

Since birds are reared in the backyard they are more prone to parasite infestation. Therefore, periodic deworming at 3 to 4-month intervals is essential. These chickens can be reared under the semi-intensive system by housing the bird in a litter floor house and letting loose for free-range scavenging in an open backyard.  The birds need to be vaccinated to prevent some commonly occurring diseases as per the vaccination schedule mentioned below.

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Gramapriya Chicken Vaccination Schedule

Age(day)VaccineDoseRoute
1Marek’s disease0.20 mlSubcutaneous
7Ranikhet disease(Lasota)one dropEye
18Ranikhet disease(Lasota)one dropOral
28Ranikhet disease(R2B)0.50 mlSubcutaneous/Intramuscular
42Fowl Pox0.20 mlIntramuscular

Brief characteristics of Gramapriya Chicken

Breed NameGramapriya
Other NameNone
Country/Place of OriginIndia
Breed PurposeDual (meat and eggs)
Breed SizeMedium
Weight (in six months)
Rooster(Male)
1.5 Kg
Hen(Female)1.2 kg – 1.4 kg
Eggs 180 – 220 per year
DispositionDocile
Climate ToleranceAll Climates

 
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