Indigenous Chicken breeds in India

Indigenous Chicken breeds play a major role in the live of rural farmers. It provides additional income and nutrition for the families. Majorly the indigenous chicken breeds are raised for eggs and occasionally for meat. Recently few of the native breeeds are improved to increase their weight in shorter period of time.

Below is the list of Native chicken breeds in India

1. Ankaleshwar

Roosters 1.8 kg Hens 1.6 kg
Age at first egg laying 6 months Annual egg production is 78-80. Small, single combed, hardy with poor productivity. Reared by the tribes of Narmada and Bharuch districts.

2. Aseel

Roosters 3-5 kg Hens 3 kg
Age at first egg laying 6.7 months
Annual egg production is 30-35.
Aseel is a pugnacious and high stamina game bird with a majestic gait; larger among native birds (28 inches from back to toe)

3. Harringhata Black

Roosters 1.3 kg Hens 1.1 kg
Age at first egg laying 5.6 months Small bodied black bird with typical conformation of a layer.
Annual egg production is 45.

4. Daothigir

Roosters 1.8 kg Hens 1.6 kg
Age at first egg laying 6 months A heavy breed with good juvenile growth and mostly reared by the Bodo community.
Annual egg production is 60.

5. Chittagong

3.5-4.5 kg Roosters 3-4 kg Hens
Large game bird; Found in Northeastern states of India

6. Ghagus

2.1 kg Roosters
Age at first egg laying 5.7 months
Small bird with small comb and wattles, thick neck and feathered shanks; some possess whiskers. Annual egg production is 52.

7. Busra

1.1 kg Roosters 1.0 kg Hens
Age at first egg laying 6 months. Small to medium sized bird.
Annual egg production is 45-55.

8. Uttara

1.3 kg Roosters 1.1 kg Hens
Compact, light body and strong wings that enable quick flight and to fight predators; attractive plumage; suitable for backyard rearing; good taste of meat Annual egg production is 137.

9. Danki

3.1 kg Roosters 2.2 kg Hens
Age at first egg laying 7.4 months Heavy bird with glossy and lustrous plumage and compressed single comb Annual egg production is 32.

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10. Hansli

Roosters 3.8 kg Hens 2.5 kg
Age at first egg laying 7.2 months. Annual egg production is 67.

11. Kadaknath

1.6 kg Roosters 1.2 kg Hens
The skin, beak, shank, toes and soles of kadaknath roosters and hens are dark gray; comb, wattle and tongue have a purplish hue; most internal organs show black pigmentation.
Annual egg production is 80.

12. Kashmir Faverolla

Age at first egg laying 7 months Small with small feathered comb and
wattles and the average weight of the bird is 1-1.2 kg.
Annual egg production is 70-75.

13. Nicobari

1.8 kg Roosters 1.3 kg Hens
Age at first egg laying 6.6 months
Good layer among native birds; brown matte
in color, small size with short legs; round and compact in appearance with a stout neck.
Annual egg production is 148.

14. Kalasthi

2.5 kg Roosters 1.8 kg Hens
Age at first egg laying 7.2 months Similar to Danki except that these are smaller; the average weight of the bird is 1-1.2 kg
Annual egg production is 34.

15. Mewari

1.9 kg Roosters 1.2 kg Hens
Age at first egg laying 6.8 months Annual egg production is 43.

16. Kaunayen

3.0 kg Roosters 2.3 kg Hens
Relatively short shank and long thigh; broad and round rib cage; long body, bonier than fatty type, erect standing posture with head held high.
Annual egg production is 35.

17. Punjab Brown

2.1kg Roosters 1.5 kg Hens
Age at first egg laying 5.5 months Meat type with brown plumage, yellow beak, legs.
Annual egg production is 70.

18. Miri

Ave. weight 1.5 kg
Age at first egg laying 7 months
Dual-purpose, small black bird. Reared by the Miri tribe.
Annual egg production is 62

19. Tellichery

1.6 kg Roosters 1.2 kg Hens
Age at first egg laying 6 months
Small bird with black skin; plumage color varies from black to grey and sometimes a combination of colors.
Annual egg production is 70.

Read more on A Guide to Backyard Poultry Farming for Sustainable Livelihoods

Improved varieties developed in India for their Eggs

1. Gramapriya

Age at sexual maturity 170-175 days
Body weight at 6 weeks is 0.4-0.5 kg and at 72 weeks 1.8-2 kg.
Annual egg production of Gramapriya chicken is 170-190.
Developed at ICAR-DPR, Hyderabad, Telangana.

2. CARI Hitcari

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 1.7 kg Roosters 1.3 kg Hens
Age at sexual maturity 178 days A cross between the Indian native Naked Neck and CARI Red.
Annual egg production is 200.
Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

3. CARI Nirbheek

Ave. weight (20 weeks)
1.8kg Roosters 1.3kg Hens
Age at sexual maturity 176 days A cross between the Indian native breed Aseel and CARl Red.
Annual egg production is 198. Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

4. CARI Upkari

Ave. weight (20 weeks)
1.6 kg 1.2 kg
Roosters Hens
Age at sexual maturity 165 days
Indian native chicken with frizzle plumage crossed with CARI Red; has four different varieties for different agro-climatic conditions. Annual egg production is 220.
Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

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5. CARI Sonali Layer

Also known as Golden-92. A cross between White Leghorn and Rhode Island Red.
Age at first egg laying 18-19 weeks
Peak egg production 27-29 weeks
50% egg production 155 days
Annual egg production is 280.
Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

6. CARI Priya Layer

A cross between superior male and female strains of White Leghorn Commercial white egg layer
earlier known as ILI-80.
Age at sexual maturity 17-18 weeks Peak egg production 26-28 weeks
50% egg production 150 days Annual egg production is 298. Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

7. CARI Shyama

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 1.4 kg Roosters 1.1 kg Hens
Age at sexual maturity 170 days
A cross between Kadakanath and CARl Red; meat is very rich in protein (25.47 %). Annual egg production is 210.
Developed at ICAR-CARI,
Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

8. Athulya

Ave. weight (72 weeks) 1.5 kg
Age at sexual maturity 123 days
Age at 50% egg production 145 days
Annual egg production is 290-300.
Developed at AICRP-KVASU, Mannuthy, Kerala.

9. Grama Lakshmi

Ave. weight (72 weeks) 1.7 kg
Age at sexual maturity is 160 days;
Age at 50% egg production 180 days.
Total egg production at 72 weeks is 180-200.
Developed at AICRP-KVASU, Mannuthy, Kerala.

10. Kalinga Brown

Ave. weight (72 weeks) 1.7 kg
Age at sexual maturity 122 days
Age at 50% egg production 150-155 days. It is a cross between White leghorn and Rhode Island Red.
Annual egg production is 265-275.
Developed at CPDO, Bengaluru, Karnataka.

11. Krishilayer

Ave. weight (72 weeks) 1.7 kg
Total egg production at 72 weeks is 270-280.
Developed at ICAR-DPR, Hyderabad, Telangana.

12. Kaveri

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 2-2.2 kg
Good scavenger.
Attains sexual maturity at 183 days. Annual egg production is 130-140.
Developed at CPDO, Bengaluru, Karnataka.

Improved dual-purpose varieties for backyard poultry production

1. Giriraja

Ave. weight (Eight weeks) 1.6 kg 40 weeks 3-5 kg
Age at first egg laying 160-170 days Annual egg production is 140-150. Developed atKVAFSU, Bidar, Karnataka.
Developed at KVAFSU, Bidar, Karnataka.

2. Pratapdhan

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 1.3-2.7 kg
Age at first egg laying 125 days
Age at sexual maturity 170 days
Annual egg production is 161.
Developed at AICRP-MPUAT, Udaipur, Rajastan.

3. Swarnadhara

Ave. weight (Eight weeks) 11-1.2 kg 40 weeks 2.5-4 kg
Age at first egg laying 160-170 days
Annual egg production is 180-190
Developed at KVAFSU, Bidar, Karnataka.

4. Vanaraja

Ave. weight (Six weeks) 0.65-0.75 kg
Age at first egg laying 175-180 days Weight at sexual maturity 2-2.2 kg
Annual egg production is 110.
Developed at ICAR-DPR, Hyderabad, Telangana.

5. Krishibro

Ave. weight 1.5 kg
A feed conversion ratio of about 2 at six weeks of age.
Developed at ICAR-DPR, Hyderabad, Telangana.

6. Jharsim

Ave. weight (Six weeks) 0.4-0.5 kg
Age at sexual maturity 175-180 days
Weight at sexual maturity 1.6-1.8 kg Potential to lay 165-170 eggs
annually under backyard system.
Developed at AICRP-BAU, Ranchi, Jharkhand.

7. CARI Debendra

Ave. weight (Eight weeks) 1.1-1.2 kg
A cross from between colored synthetic broiler as male line and Rhode Island Red as female line.
Age at sexual maturity is 155-160 days and feed conversion ratio is about 2.5-2-6 up to eight weeks.
Annual egg production is 200.
Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

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8. CARIBRO Vishal

Also known as CARIBRO-91
Ave. weight (Seven weeks) 2-2.5 kg
Feed conversion ratio at six weeks is 1.85.
Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

9. Kamrupa

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 1.3-2.2 kg
A three-way cross between Assam local type (25%),
colored broiler (25%) and Dalhem Red (50%).
Annual egg production is 120-130.
Developed at AICRP-AAU, Guwahati, Assam.

10. Nandanam I

Ave. weight (12 weeks) 1kg
Red plumage, brown shelled eggs and high fertility
Annual egg production is 180.
Developed at TANUVAS, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

11. Nandanam II

Ave. weight (Eight weeks) 1.44 kg
Most popular among semi-urban farmers
as backyard birds due to attractive plumage with a feed efficiency of 2.66. Developed at TANUVAS, Chennai,
Tamil Nadu.

12. CARIBRO Dhanaraj

Ave. weight (Seven weeks) 2-2.1 kg
Most preferred by farmers for its multi-colored plumage and high economic returns feed conversion ratio at seven weeks is 1.92. Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

13. CARIBRO Tropicana

Ave. weight (Seven weeks) 1.8 kg
Suited to hot and humid regions. Feed
conversion ratio at seven weeks is 2.11.
Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.
Source: TANUVAS, Chennai

14. CARIBRO Mrityunjay

Ave. weight (Seven weeks) 1.8-2 kg
A commercial cross suitable for hot and dry regions and feed conversion ratio at six and seven weeks is 1.95 and 2.11, respectively.
Developed at ICAR-CARI, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.

15. Aseel Cross

Ave. weight (15 weeks) 1.2 kg
Has two colors black (Aseel Kala) and
Red (Aseel Peela).
Annual egg production is 120-140.
Developed at CPDO, Bengaluru, Karnataka.

16. Srinidhi

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 1.7-2 kg
Age at first egg laying 165-170 days
Annual egg production is 140-150
under backyard poultry conditions.
Developed at ICAR-DPR, Hyderabad, Telangana.

17. Narmadanidhi

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 1.3-2.2 kg
A cross between local breed Kadaknath (25%) and improved broiler germplasm (Jabalpur col.) (75%);
Hens mature in about 161 days and produce 181 eggs in backyard system of management. Developed at AICRP-NDVSU, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh.

18. Chabro

Ave. weight (Eight weeks) 1.6-1.7 kg 26 weeks 2.4-2.5 kg
Annual egg production is 170-180
Multi-colored plumage. Feed conversion ratio is 2.48 and fit for backyard farming. Developed at CPDO, Bengaluru, Karnataka.

19. Himsamridhi

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 1.2-1.7 kg
Age at first egg laying 170-190 days
Annual egg production is 140-170.
Developed at AICRP-CSKHPKV, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh.

20. Vanashree

Ave. weight (20 weeks) 1-1.2 kg
Age at first egg laying 190-200 days
Annual egg production is 100-120
Developed at ICAR-DPR, Hyderabad, Telangana.

Read more on Common Chicken Breeds

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