Is the blue racer snake poisonous?

The blue racer snake is located in either open or semi-open habitats, such as hedgerows, meadows, savannas, or weedy pond edges and marshes and all these habitats are necessary for fulfilling their ecological requirements.

Their range extends from Canada including eastern areas of Pelee Island to the north and Mexico, Guatemala and, Belize from the south.

This species can be found throughout the US in the southern regions of the Rocky Mountains in the states of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Oregon, Wisconsin, Washington, western South Dakota and Iowa.

These snakes are extremely intolerant to human activity for this reason they prefer to reside in areas with fewer human habitations.

Usually, they’re one of the very first snake species to disappear from growing suburban areas. Their habitat could occupy an area as the species isn’t territorial by nature but a number of them are able to reside in precisely the identical area.

As their common name suggests, the blue racer is an extremely speedy snake that can move at speeds of almost 7 Km/hr roughly 4.3 mph, even so far by the lightning rate of this highly venomous black mamba.

This rate helps them catch prey or avoid being preyed upon. The species lifespan in the ranges.

They’re active during daytime and want to spend most of their time in the ground, but are also known to forage both on earth and trees. The racers are known to hibernate in massive groups during the chilly winter months.

When searching they hold up their heads up and move very quickly through brushes using their keen eyesight. If endangered the racer will attempt to escape into the bush and might grow into low bushes or smaller trees. Although they are non-venomous, they are still very capable of inflicting a painful bite if necessary.

We usually catch only a glimpse of them as they disappear quickly through the vegetation. When threatenedthey vibrate their tails to make a buzzing noise because of this are usually mistaken for rattlesnakes and also that functions as a warning.

Their length ranges between 35 to 60 inches (90 to 152 cm) plus it is one of the largest snakes located in Ontario.

​The underbelly color is a black, the backside fluctuates from a brilliant blue (hence their common name) into a dull gray and they have light brown to gray dorsum.

​They have smooth scales, large eyes, along with a brown orange snout. Unlike adult blue racers, hatchlings and juvenile snakes exhibit dorsal blotches that will gradually fade away with their 3rd year.

Some of the big birds of prey such as the red-tailed hawk, northern harrier, and great horned owl are among its own predators but they’re also preyed on by coyotes, foxes, raccoons, dogs and feral house cats or wild cats.

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What do blue racers eat?

The blue racers eat crickets and other insects like spiders or worms, adult snakes feed mainly on small rodents, birds, snakes and other snakes such as the ringneck snake.

The blue racer is still an active forager and regardless of their scientific name, it isn’t actually a constrictor.


The blue racer breeding period happens in the spring, from April ongoing throughout May. The female will lay anywhere from 5 up to 28 eggs oval eggs around 2.5 cm to 3.9 cm long with a leathery shell, in late June. The hatchlings will need to use their”egg ” to reduce out their way.

The eggs hatch in summer months from mid-August to late September, along with the young step about 8 to 11 inches (20 to 30 cm) in length. The most typically used nesting habitats are decaying logs although grim racers also deposit their eggs beneath rocks, sand, tree cavities, leaf litters, decaying organic matter or underground within unoccupied animal burrows.

Occasionally blue racers nest communally, and it is apparently a relatively frequent phenomenon, they even nest with other species specifically the southern fox snake. These snakes achieve sexual maturity.


Individual persecution and street mortality, in addition to human development, are threatening this snake species that is vulnerable. The blue racer is considered”Endangered” by the COSEWIC, being listed as endangered in Canada and recorded as special concern species in the state of Wisconsin from the US.

The previous record of this blue racer on mainland Canada was in Ontario in 1983, on Pelee Island, the species will be restricted to the eastern areas of the island.

The species has been on Ontario’s Endangered Species List as 1971, so the habitat deemed crucial to the species survival is shielded from destruction or major change. The racer is not yet been assessed by the IUCN to its red list.