The Khillari cows are a draught breed of cows native to Satara, Kolhapur and Sangli regions in Bijapur and Maharashtra, Dharwad and Belgaum districts of Karnataka in India.
It is of Bos indicus sub-species and is well adapted to drought conditions that are vulnerable and the tropical of this area.
Most recently the strain is still showing a steady decrease in numbers largely due to the low milk production which creates an alternate stream of revenue for the farming community.
The Khillari cows breed has several types. And the strain with it has several types , possibly owes it’s source to this Hillikar cattle breed out of Mysore country or from the Maharashtra country.
Title of this breed ‘Khillari’ came from ‘Khillar’ which means a herd of cows. And significance of the term’Khillari’ is your herdsman.
Largely these creatures are essentially from Satara district of Maharashtra that is south. And the animals are located in the districts of western Maharashtra of Sangli, Kolhapur, and Solapur.
Khillari cattle breed information
Khillari cattle are small sized animals. They developed hindquarters and skinned with clean cut characteristics and also are normally compact.
Their appearance is compact with stout limbs. Those animals’ pelvis is higher than the shoulders. There are four major types of the Khillari cattle in the regions of Maharashtra state.
These varieties are Hanam Khillar (occasionally Called Atpadi Mahal), Mhaswad Khillari, Tapi Khillari or Thillari along with the Nakali Khillari. Even the Hanam Khillar or Atpadi Mahal variety is available from the southern Maharasthra along with the Mhaswad Khillari assortment is available in the areas of Kolhapur and Satara along with the adjacent regions.
Thillari variety or the Tapi Khillari prevalent in the area of the Satpura range of hills containing the West Khandesh district. And the most recent Nakali Khillari variety can be found in the adjacent regions of these areas.
All these kinds are different in coloration. The Khillaris of the Deccan plateau, both the Mhaswad along with the Atpadi Mahal types are greyish white in color, the males having darker color within the forequarters and hindquarters, using peculiar white and grey mottling around the surface.
The shade of this Tapti Khillari cows is white with nose and hooves. And the Nakali Khillari is with tawny or brickdust color over the forequarters. Recently born calves of these critters have this disappears within a couple of weeks also rust reddish polls.
Most varieties of the Khillari cattle possess a long slender head with long horns. Their horns tapering to a fine line, and are coming back and then upward in a distinctive bow. Their coat is short, nice, and glossy and the ears are small and light yellow indoors.
Legs of these animals are with, round and hooves. The muzzle of those Khillari cattle is frequently mottled in color. Both cows and bulls normally have a hump. Along with the hump in the bulls is of and business fleshed medium size.
Their shoulders are tightly muscled, merge with their body’s form, and nicely set in.
As a small creature body fat of the bulls is about 450 kg. And the cows on typical weight about 360 kg.
Khillari cattle benefits
The Khillari cattle are used as a draught animal. The cows are not good milkers and not suitable for milk production that is profitable.
The Khillari cattle are active and very hardy animals. They’re well adapted to draught prone conditions within the Maharashtra and Karnataka state and the tropical. The farming community favors them chiefly because of their ability.
The cultivators from the Maharashtra along with also the districts of Satara, Sangli and Sholapur breed them. Herds are kept in such area and also the size of this herd is more than a couple of cows.
The Khillari cattle are bred by breeders at the Satpura ranges. These breeders create bullocks and bulls for which there is a demand.
The animals are also utilised besides their extensive use in their house tracts in the adjacent districts of Bijapur Ahmednager, Nasik and Pune.
Most recently number of those animals has dropped because of their low milk production. The cows aren’t one of the good milk producing cows breeds.
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