Nelore cattle breed

The Nelore cattle (also known as Nellore cattle) are a very beautiful breed of domestic cattle. They, therefore, are of those Bos indicus or Zebu species, also have dissimilarities into the Bos taurus species.

The Nelore cattle actually originated from the Ongole cattle that were initially brought by India to Brazil. The strain was named after the Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh state in India.

Nelore cattle breed information

The Nelore cattle are medium-sized animals. Their most distinguishing characteristic is the existence of a dominant ‘hump’. But there many other differences between the Nelore and the cattle breeds.

Nelore cattle are usually of white color with dark skin, tail, and muzzle. When grazing, they have.

They are normally horned, and there is a naturally polled breed also available. They have ears, and their ears are shortest of most Bos indicus types.

Bulls have brief sheaths, and the cows have udders and teats.

Bodyweight of the Nelore cows is approximately 450 kg. And the bulls on typical weight up to 500 kg.

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Nelore cattle benefits

The Nelore cows are primarily employed for meat production in Brazil. They are a favorite beef strain in a few other nations. They are good for purposes.

Nelore cattle are well known and well known for their hardiness, easy calving, heat-resistance and capability of thriving on poor excellent forage.

They could accommodate just about all climates except cold climates. They have natural resistance to several parasites and diseases, and are resistant to high temperatures.

Nelore cows have a prolific and long reproductive lifetime and tons of milk to their calves. The calves are extremely alert with an active behavior.

The Nelore cows are also known for their efficacy of converting poor quality forages into top quality beef.

They can also withstand long periods and they are highly immune to bloating. Today the breed is used for producing excellent beef in other countries and Brazil.


Currently, Brazil is the biggest breeder of Nelore cows. The first group of cattle arrived by boat in Brazil at Salvador, Bahia. Manoel Ubelhart Lemgruber, from Rio de Janeiro Zoo.

Two more critters arrived there in 1878 in Hamburg Zoo. And 100 creatures were imported from India in the 1960s.

And the majority of those Nelore cattle that are available in Brazil were made from the lineages which were imported in the 1960s.

The Indubrasil or Indo-Brazilian has been the favored breed of zebu in Brazil in the first decades of 20th century.

However, Nelore cattle become the most preferred and first breed of beef cattle in Brazil in the 1960 onwards.

They became highly popular mainly because it thrives on poor/low excellent forage and because of their heat-resistance, hardiness.

Nowadays over 80 percent of beef cattle in Brazil are purebred or hybrid Nelore.

And the breed has been exported to many nations like Venezuela, United States, Mexico, Paraguay, Central America, Argentina and different countries. The Nelore herdbook has been founded in 1875.

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