First things all snakes are thought to be carnivorous reptiles, exactly what this signifies is that they eat meat.
Snakes don’t eat plants, in case you’re wondering there aren’t any vegetarian snakes.
Since snakes consume other animals including occasionally other snakes, they are considered zoophagous creatures.
Snakes are very diverse when it comes to size, ranging from small species only several inches the same as the ribbon snake into the largest snakes in the world including pythons and anacondas.
All these very different kinds of snakes will obviously eat different things. Smaller snake species will feed on animals, including fish, rodents, birds and their eggs, insects, frogs, lizards and smallish mammals.
The bigger the snake the bigger the animals they consume, big constrictors like the green anaconda or even the reticulated python are known to eat deer and pigs! These snakes may take alligators and crocodiles down.
Although some snakes have evolved to feed on a generalist diet such as the eastern indigo snake, then some species have special diets such as the egg-eating snake which only eats eggs. Like tribe snakes or the king cobra such as the California kingsnake Though snakes have been known for eating other snakes.
Snakes type a diverse group and have developed a variety of searching strategies, adapted to their size and habitat that they live in. Some snake species will hunt their prey.
Other snakes may probably lie concealed waiting to ambush prey, relying upon their camouflage like the puff adder. While the desert residence sidewinder hides under the sand awaiting a few animal to pass by.
They’ll go as far as using tricks to fool unsuspecting victims to come nearer to them. For example, juvenile cottonmouth snakes have a glowing tip on its tail to seem like a pig they use to lure prey.
How do snakes kill and eat their prey?
Snakes kill their prey mainly in two ways, depending if they are venomous snakes or even non-venomous snakes.
Venomous snakes like the inland taipan will strike and sink their fangs into the prey bending venom to paralyze or kill it before consuming it.
Some snake venom contain hemotoxins that break down cells and cells in the victim and help digesting prey.
While most non-venomous snakes are constrictors that wrap their bodies around the prey and slowly tighten their coils to squeeze the life out of their prey by stopping their heart.
Some will just grab an animal overpowering it and eating it alive and others will squash the prey into the walls of their burrows.
Even though snakes do have teeth, they are made for grabbing and holding prey, maybe not only for chewing food, for that reason snakes have to swallow their food whole. However, how do snakes swallow such exceptionally big meals without chewing they have jaws capable of unhinging, so they can get their mouths wide.
They also have very strong muscles in their bodies also use them for transferring in addition to consuming meals. These muscles move down the food into the snake’s stomach, a procedure which can last a couple of minutes depending on the magnitude of the meal the snake is still eating.
Once in the snake’s stomach a meal may require anywhere from a few days, a few weeks into a few months to become completely digested, that is one of the reasons why several snake species need to feed only a few times every year! After the digestion is complete, the snake will vomit any components such as hooves or bones.
How much do snakes eat?
For any specific weight snakes consume much less than a mammal of comparable dimensions, this can be because snakes are cold-blooded reptiles.
While mammals need to consume in order that they can generate energy to maintain their body temperature, so snakes do not and use only about 10% of their energy when compared to mammals.
Therefore snakes will need to eat far less than creatures, roughly 10 times less. Just food snakes drink water .
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