The microorganisms which are present in the soil are responsible for increasing the fertility of the soil and the productivity of the crops. In order to increase the microorganisms in the soil Jeevamrutham is used.
Jeevamrutham is made of two words – Jeeva and Amrutham. Both are derived from Sanskrit and widely used words in Hinduism. The word “Jeeva” means is a living being or any entity imbued with a life force. The word “Amrutham” means the elixir of life capable of prolonging life. In our context, Jeevamrutham is for crop life. Jeevamrutham is the best culture to increase the count of microorganisms.
In the initial 2-3 years give Jeevamrutham as much as possible to the soil. The more the culture is added, the better results can be obtained. The ideal environment for microorganisms to thrive is the temperature should be between 24 deg Celsius to 32 deg Celsius, the humidity of 90%, continuous moisture in the soil. The environment is available only during monsoons. We can also replicate this by mulching. Mulching creates a microenvironment that helps microorganisms to increase, which results in the formation of humus.
What are the ingredients of Jeevamrutham?
Preparation of Jeevamrutham for one acre of land
- Water 200 liters
- Desi cow dung 10 kgs
- Desi cow urine 10 liters
- Jaggery 1 kg or any fruit pulp 1kg (papaya, Guava, spot, Banana or Mango)
- Flour of any pulses (Green gram, Bengal gram, black gram, Beans, Redgram) 2kg
- A handful of fertile soil from your farm
How to prepare Jeevamrutham?
Follow the steps to prepare Jeevamrutham for one acre of the crop:
- Take a water barrel or a tank that is big enough to have 200 liters of water, now pour 200 liters of water into the tank or barrel.
- Do keep the water barrel in the shade.
- Add 10kgs of Desi cow dung into the water.
- Stir the mixture well with the help of stick in clockwise. If you can use your hand to stir, it’s even better. Most of the beneficial microbes are present in the mixture.
- Now add the handful of fertile soil from your farm with 10 liters of Desi cow urine to the mixture. Stir it well again clockwise.
- Finally, add the semi powdered jaggery and the flour to the mixture, stir again. Give a proper stir for some time, till you know all the mixture is mixed well.
Cover the water barrel or tank with a jute bag. The cover should be breathable, the air should pass through. Keep the mixture stable for two to three days to ferret. During the process of fermentation, all the poisonous gases like Ammonia, Methane, Carbon mono oxide, and Carbon dioxide are emitted. This is the reason to use the cover which is breathable or holes for the poisonous gases to escape. Aerobic fermentation should happen.
Stir the solution thrice a day and keep the solution in shade. Do not expose Jeevamrutham to the straight sunlight or to rains. After two or three days fermentation will be in peak. The microbial count would have increased multiple folds by now. The useful microorganisms are the ones required for the crops to convert most of the unavailable nutrients to available form. This is the best culture for microorganisms and the best fungicide for the crops. Do not use Jeevamrutham beyond seven days.
How to use Jeevamrutham?
Jeevamrutham can be used in 3 ways
1) Through irrigation water canal
2) Sprinkler/ Spray
3) Drip Irrigation
Make sure to provide the complete 200 liters of Jeevamrutham to one acre.
Filter the mixture before it gets clogged in sprinkler or drip.
You can also pour Jeevamrutham to the roots of the crops. If its fruit tree, Add Jeevamrutham little outside the shadow of the tree.
The use of Jeevamrutham – Can be sprayed on the crops or fruit plants, which acts as growth hormones, antifungal, and anti harmful bacteria spray.
Types of Jeevamrutham
- The liquid state of Jeevamrutham (which is explained above)
- The semi-solid state of Jeevamrutham
- Dry Jeevamrutham (Ghana Jeevamrutham)
Semi-solid state Jeevamrutham
If you have a large quantity of cow dung, more than necessary, then it can be used to prepare semi-solid Jeevamrutham.
Take 100kg desi cow dung, 5 liters desi cow urine, 1 kg jaggery, 1 kg of pulses flour and a handful of fertile soil. Mix all of them with a small amount of water. Make the small balls out of the mixture. Keep these balls in full sunlight to dry them. Now, these dried balls can be kept near the mouth of a dripper or near the sprinkler. When the waterfalls on the semi-solid Jeevamrutham, the microbes get activated again.
When there is no availability of water to prepare Jeevamrutham, the Ghana Jeevamrutham can be prepared. Also when there is a scarcity of labor, you can prepare Jeevamrutham once and store it for later use.
200kg of desi cow dung manure is to be used. Spread uniformly on the ground to form a layer. Now add 20 liters of liquid Jeevamrutham on the manure. Mix the mixture completely. Now make a heap of the treated cow dung and cover it again using jute bag for 48 hours. Allow it for fermentation. Then spread on the floor, dry in the sunlight.
After drying is completed, store it in jute bags in the room. Air should be flowing. you can store Ghana Jeevamrutham for six months. At the sowing period, use the 200kg ghana Jeevamrutham per acre. For example, two hands of Ghana Jeevamrutham with each seed. Again during the flowering period of the crop, add 50kg of Ghana Jeevamrutham in between two crop lines on the soil per acre. Amazing yield will be produced.
Jeevamrutham spray schedule
If Jeevamrutham is given by Irrigation like a drip, canal water, sprinkler utilize complete 200 liters. When you are considering the spray, you can dilute the mixture. Jeevamrutham spray schedule is given below
- First spray – One month after seed sowing or transplanting of seedlings. Take 100-liter water to add 5 liters of filtered Jeevamurtham. Stir it well and spray it to one acre of Vegetable Crops. In summer, spray to be done in early morning or evening. In winter any time of the day can be sprayed.
- Second spray – 21 days after the first spray. Here 150 liters of water plus 10 liters of filtered Jeevamrutham
- Third spray – 21 days after the second spray, take the third spray. 200 liters of water plus 20 liters of filtered Jeevamrutham per acre.
- Fourth spray – When fruits are beginning to show up. 200 liters of water plus 6 liters sour buttermilk can be sprayed for one acre.
Jeevamrutham application by hand
- When there is water scarcity or no sprayer available, still we can use Jeevamrutham.
- The first month after seed sowing or transplanting seedlings add one cup (50ml) Jeevamrutham in between two main vegetable plants on the surface of the soil. Repeat this once or twice or even thrice a month.
- Repeat the same for every month for four months till the harvest is completed.